The Impact of Generational Diversity on Spirituality and Religion in the Workplace

Adela J. McMurray, Claire A. Simmers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The role of spirituality and religion in workplace (SRW) is important as SRW reinforces values of concern and appreciation for both self and others. This is foundational to a person’s ethical schema, impacting how an individual interacts with others within the workplace, fostering organizational and individual goals. While there is a growing body of knowledge about the underlying assumptions and history of SRW, less is known about how contextual factors, such as generational diversity, impact SRW. The purpose of this study is to empirically investigate the differences in SRW among generational cohorts using the lens of cognitive spiritual development theory and multigenerational theory. The results indicate that there is a difference in spirituality and religion among generations in the workplace. Gen X and Baby boomers are similar in expressing higher spirituality and religiosity than Millennials, and religion is a less important factor among all generations. This research has important implications for organizations seeking to better understand personal core values for enhancing organizational outcomes and for individuals working towards meaningful personal and professional outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-80
Number of pages11
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Generational Diversity
  • Multigenerational Cohorts
  • Personal Core Values
  • Spirituality and Religion in the Workplace


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