Objective The subjective burden of suicidality on mental and physical health-related quality of life (HRQoL) remains to be examined. Eight-year trajectories of mental and physical components of HRQoL were compared for suicidal and non-suicidal participants at baseline. The effect of poor mental and/or physical HRQoL on subsequent suicidality was also investigated. Method Randomly-selected community data (W1=7485; W2=6715; W3=6133) were analysed with multivariate latent growth curve (LGC) and logistic regression models. Results Adjusted LGC modelling identified that baseline ideation was associated with poorer mental, but better physical HRQoL at baseline (b=-3.93, 95% CI=-4.75 to -3.12; b=1.38, 95% CI=0.53-2.23, respectively). However, ideation was associated with a declining physical HRQoL trajectory over 8 subsequent years (b=-0.88, 95% CI=-1.42 to -0.35). Poorer mental HRQoL was associated with higher odds of ideation onset (OR=0.98, 95% CI=0.96-0.99). Limitations Frequency of data collection was four-yearly, while suicidality was reported for the previous 12-months; analyses did not control for physical health problems at baseline, baseline depression may have influenced physical QoL; suicidality was assessed with binary measures; and, prior analyses of attrition over time showed those with poorer health were less likely to continue participating in the study. Conclusions Suicidality has differential longitudinal effects on mental and physical HRQoL. Findings emphasise the considerable subjective HRQoL burden upon suicidal individuals. HRQoL may be useful to compare relative social and economical impacts.
- Health-related quality of life
- Mental health
- Physical health
- Suicidal ideation
- Suicide attempt