The Impact of the Artemis Accords on Resource Extraction

Melissa de Zwart

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Recent years have witnessed a renewed interest in crewed missions to the Moon and beyond. China and Russia have announced that they will establish a base on the Moon (Jones 2021) and have formally invited both states and international organizations to be involved in their International Lunar Research Station (ILRS), which will focus on projects including in situ resource utilization, water and mineral extraction, manufacturing, and effects of low gravity on biology. This project is generally similar in scope to the Artemis project lead by NASA announced in 2020, a bold vision to return humans to the Moon by 2024. The Artemis project also encompasses a Lunar Gateway, the return of the first woman and the first person of color to the Moon, and the use of the Moon as a base in anticipation of a mission to Mars.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIn-space Manufacturing and Resources
Subtitle of host publicationEarth and Planetary Exploration Applications
EditorsVolker Hessel, Jana Stoudemire, Hideaki Miyamoto, Ian D. Fisk
Place of PublicationWeinheim, Germany
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-527-83090-9, 978-3-527-83091-6 , 978-3-527-83089-3
ISBN (Print)978-3-527-34853-4
Publication statusPublished - 2022


  • Space law
  • International law
  • Artemis Accords
  • In situ resource extraction


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