The importance of depression and alcohol use in coronary artery bypass graft surgery patients: risk factors for delirium and poorer quality of life

JM Humphries, Linley Denson, Robert Baker, Phillip Tully

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Objective To investigate whether depression, anxiety and stress increase the risk for delirium and poor quality of life (QOL) after coronary artery bypass (CABG) surgery. Methods A total of 180 CABG patients (mean age of 63.5 ± 10.1 years, 82.2% males) completed baseline and postoperative self-report questionnaires to assess distress and QOL. Incident delirium was diagnosed postoperatively with a structured clinical interview and patients were monitored every day post-operatively for confusion and disturbance in consciousness. Results Delirium developed in 63 persons (35% of sample). After adjustment for covariates, delirium was significantly associated with depression [odds ratio (OR): 1.08; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.03-1.13, P = 0.003], anxiety (OR: 1.07; 95% CI: 1.02-1.13, P = 0.01) and stress (OR: 1.05; 95% CI: 1.00-1.09, P = 0.03). Preoperative depression scores were associated with poorer QOL including bodily pain (β = -0.39, P = 0.013), vitality (β = -0.32, P = 0.020), social functioning (β = -0.51, P ≤ 0.001), emotional role function (β = -0.44, P = 0.003) and general health (β = -0.33, P = 0.038). Among the covariates, harmful levels of alcohol use was consistently associated with poorer QOL. Conclusions Depression and harmful levels of alcohol use were consistently associated with poorer QOL whereas depression, anxiety and stress were associated with delirium risk. These findings point to further research examining depression and harmful levels of alcohol use in coronary heart disease populations undergoing coronary revascularization.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)51-57
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Geriatric Cardiology
    Volume13
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

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