Numerous randomised controlled trials have explored the effect of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation in early life on neurodevelopment, with some suggested positive effects on language. Australian women with a singleton pregnancy <21 weeks’ gestation were randomised to receive 800 mg DHA/day or a placebo until birth. A sample of 726 children (all n=96 born preterm, random sample of n=630 born at term) were invited to undergo assessments of language, academic, and language-based cognitive abilities at 1.5, four and seven years of age. No group differences were detected for any group comparison. Exploratory analyses for sex by treatment interactions revealed a possible adverse effect of DHA supplementation on the language of females at 1.5 years but no effects on outcomes at four or seven years. Taken as a whole, evidence of an effect of prenatal DHA supplementation on language abilities across childhood is negligible and could be a chance finding.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Prostaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2020|
- Omega-3 fatty acids
- Verbal abilities