The paramount importance of wetting applications and the significant economic value of controlling wetting-based industrial processes has stimulated a deep interest in wetting science. In many industrial applications the motion of a complex liquid front over nano-textured surfaces controls the fate of the processes. However our knowledge of the impact of nano-heterogeneities on static and dynamic wetting is very limited. In this article, the fundamentals of wetting are briefly reviewed, with a particular focus on hysteresis and roughness issues. Present knowledge and models of dynamic wetting on smooth and rough surfaces are then examined, with particular attention devoted to the case of nano-topographical heterogeneities and solid-fluid-fluid systems.
- Solid-fluid-fluid systems
- Three-phase contact line dynamics