The influence of unrestricted use of sugammadex on clinical anaesthetic practice in a tertiary teaching hospital

Richard Watts, Jason London, Roelof Van Wijk, Y Lui

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    16 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This retrospective casenote audit involving 374 patients requiring intubation for an anaesthetic found that when the availability of sugammadex became unrestricted, its use increased from 7.1 to 65.3% (P <0.0001) of all muscle relaxant reversals, while neostigmine use decreased from 59.6 to 12.5%. Rocuronium use decreased slightly (90.8 to 79.2%, P=0.006) but vecuronium use increased (2.1 to 8.3%, P=0.02). Cisatracurium and suxamethonium use were unchanged. Total rocuronium dose (55.9±24.1 vs 60.4±22.3 mg) and the number of doses (1.9±1.48 to 1.96±1.27) were unchanged, but the time between the last dose and reversal decreased (91.7±68.1 to 62±52.4 minutes, P=0.0002). There appeared to be no change in postoperative nausea and vomiting, or post-anaesthesia care unit time or oxygen saturation levels. Anaesthetic theatre time fell from 143.5±85.8 to 120±71.2 minutes (P=0.01) and remained significant when adjusted for confounding variables (ratio of means 1.17, 95% confidence interval 1.03 to 1.34, P=0.02), although inferences in relation to causality are limited by the retrospective and observational design of the study. Hospital stay also appeared to fall (4.2±3.5 to 3.4±3.0 days, P=0.035), but was not statistically significant when adjusted for confounding variables (ratio of means 1.04, 95% confidence interval 0.89 to 1.2, P=0.59). These observations suggest that the unrestricted availability of sugammadex will change how steroid-based neuromuscular blocking drugs are used and reversed, but further research is needed to determine if patient outcomes will improve.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)333-339
    Number of pages7
    JournalAnaesthesia and Intensive Care
    Volume40
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012

    Keywords

    • Hospital stay
    • Rocuronium use
    • Sugammadex
    • Theatre time
    • Unrestricted use

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