Globally, education continues to diversify, with a growing body of literature that describes the experiences of international higher education students. While the research includes representation from the health sciences, nursing and midwifery programs are underrepresented; understanding the experiences of international students therein may assist in determining whether discipline-specific teaching, learning and support is required. This review aims to summarise international nursing and midwifery students’ perceptions of challenge and enablement when undertaking an undergraduate or baccalaureate program. A total of 408 articles were identified and after duplicates were removed and inclusion/exclusion criteria applied, eight primary studies were included. No papers were identified that reported on the experiences of international midwifery students. For international nursing students, five themes emerged: language and culture, isolation and segregation, teaching and learning, services and support, and resilience and growth. This review concludes that the available data both affirms the existing body of knowledge around international students and illuminates unique challenges and opportunities for nursing students undertaking clinical placements. There is a need for increased language and peer support, socialisation and specially educated support staff. Research is required to identify best practice in teaching methodology for an increasingly diverse cohort and importantly, to provide a midwifery perspective.