The normal synovium

Malcolm D. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

193 Citations (Scopus)
1 Downloads (Pure)


This paper describes the structure and function of the normal synovium including the cellular content, nerve and vascular supply and how normal synovium maintains homeostasis within the joint. It is important to understand normal synovium before appreciating the changes that occur in the synovial membrane which leads to the pathology seen in inflammatory arthritides such as Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)100-106
Number of pages7
JournalOpen Rheumatology Journal
Issue numberSuppl 1
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.


  • Alterations in inflammatory arthritis
  • Function
  • Nerve supply
  • Normal synovial membrane
  • Structure
  • Vascular supply


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