Meteorin-like(IL-41), is a novel cytokine that is thought to be immunoregulatory and is highly expressed in psoriatic skin. We investigated IL-41 protein expression in synovial tissue in RA(Rheumatoid Arthritis), PsA(Psoriatic Arthritis) and OA(Osteoarthritis) patients and evaluated IL-41 production from healthy enthesis samples, as the enthesis represent the primary inflammatory site in PsA. IL-41 was measured in synovial fluid from PsA, RA and OA patients. Synovial biopsies were stained for IL-41 by immunohistochemistry. IL-41 was highly expressed in the synovial fluid and synovial tissue of PsA patients (median = 7722 pg/ml) when compared to OA patients (median = 5044 pg/ml). We found that entheseal stromal cells were the dominant producer of IL-41 from the enthesis. Moreover, stromal derived IL-41, could be further induced by IL-17A/F and TNF. In conclusion, IL-41 is expressed in PsA synovium and is present and inducible at the enthesis. Its functional effect in psoriatic inflammation remains to be fully elucidated.
- Psoriatic arthritis