The oral microbial community of gingivitis and lumpy jaw in captive macropods

John Antiabong, Wayne Boardman, Robert Moore, Melissa Brown, Andrew Ball

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    7 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Gingivitis and lumpy jaw are diseases of polymicrobial aetiology. Although Fusobacterium necrophorum has been associated with these diseases in macropods, little is known about other organisms associated with these diseases in this animal species. PCR-DGGE analysis revealed the potential pathogens associated with gingivitis and lumpy jaw in macropods. PCR-DGGE profile comparison between the healthy and disease groups indicated a shift in the oral bacterial community structures with similarity coefficients of 48% and 35% for gingivitis and lumpy jaw respectively. Moreover, gingivitis was associated with increase in bacterial diversity (Shannon index. =2.87; PL curve. =45%) while lumpy jaw resulted in a decline in bacterial diversity (Shannon index. =2.47; PL curve. =74%). This study suggest that the establishment of gingivitis and lumpy jaw diseases follows the ecological plaque hypothesis. This forms the basis for an expanded investigation in an epidemiological scale and suggests the need for the appropriate choice of antimicrobial agent(s) and for the effective management and control of polymicrobial diseases.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)996-1005
    Number of pages10
    JournalRESEARCH IN VETERINARY SCIENCE
    Volume95
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2013

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