The other race effect in perception and recognition: Insights from the complete composite task

Ruth Horry, Winnee Cheong, Neil Brewer

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    20 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    People are more accurate at recognizing faces of their own race than faces from other races, a phenomenon known as the other-race effect. Other-race effects have also been reported in some perceptual tasks. Across 3 experiments, White and Chinese participants completed recognition tests as well as the complete paradigm of the composite task, which measures participants' abilities to selectively attend to the target region of a face while ignoring the task-irrelevant region of the face. Each task was completed with both own- and other-race faces. At a group level, participants showed significant own-race effects in recognition, but not in the composite task. At an individual difference level, the results provided no support for the hypothesis that a deficit in holistic processing for other-race faces drives the other-race effect in recognition. We therefore conclude that the other-race effect in recognition is not driven by the processes that underpin the composite effect.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)508-524
    Number of pages17
    JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
    Volume41
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2015

    Keywords

    • Composite task
    • Face perception
    • Holistic processing
    • Other-race effect
    • Own-race bias

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