The Potential of Eco-Facturing: Towards Social and Environmental Justice Through Vocational Education and Training

Janet McIntyre-Mills, Yvonne Corcoran-Nantes, Rudolf Wirawan, Ida Widianingsih

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The paper proposes an alternative cyclical economy based on eco-villages supporting urban hubs to re-generate rural-urban balance based on eco-facturing, to use Gunter Pauli’s concept. Africa and Asia are two of the fastest urbanising areas globally. The development of eco-villages supporting the ‘one village many enterprises’ concept currently applied in Indonesia relies on responsive design. The development of eco-facturing using local products such as cassava for bioplastics, bamboo for biochar and fair trade, free range Luwak coffee and honey production are discussed as examples of eco-facturing that are currently being developed in Indonesia. The potential for eco-facturing to be applied in Southern Africa and Ghana is currently being explored using bamboo and cassava in appropriate areas and exploring a suitable cash crop. Coffee is one option, but many others such as red bush tea, aloes as well as a host of local herbs could be explored with Indigenous holders of wisdom. Core design principles, namely salience, trust and engagement to protect living systems and the people who are affected need to underpin the decision-making process. These principles are discussed in the paper together with the importance of ‘being the change’ through expanding pragmatism to consider the social, economic and environmental implications of choices. Systemic Ethical decisions honour ‘freedom and diversity’ to the extent that freedom and diversity are not undermined by power imbalances.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFrom Polarisation to Multispecies Relationships
Subtitle of host publicationRe-Generation of the Commons in the Era of Mass Extinctions
EditorsJanet McIntyre-Mills, Yvonne Corcoran-Nantes
Place of PublicationSingapore
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages33
ISBN (Electronic)978-981-33-6884-2
ISBN (Print)978-981-33-6883-5
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Vocational education and training
  • Eco-villages and hubs
  • cyclical economy
  • nature-culture relationship
  • Food webs
  • Water activity
  • Design principles
  • water flows


Dive into the research topics of 'The Potential of Eco-Facturing: Towards Social and Environmental Justice Through Vocational Education and Training'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this