The potential therapeutic effects of creatine supplementation on body composition and muscle function in cancer

C. M. Fairman, K. L. Kendall, N. H. Hart, D. R. Taaffe, D. A. Galvão, R. U. Newton

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Low muscle mass in individuals with cancer has a profound impact on quality of life and independence and is associated with greater treatment toxicity and poorer prognosis. Exercise interventions are regularly being investigated as a means to ameliorate treatment-related adverse effects, and nutritional/supplementation strategies to augment adaptations to exercise are highly valuable. Creatine (Cr) is a naturally-occurring substance in the human body that plays a critical role in energy provision during muscle contraction. Given the beneficial effects of Cr supplementation on lean body mass, strength, and physical function in a variety of clinical populations, there is therapeutic potential in individuals with cancer at heightened risk for muscle loss. Here, we provide an overview of Cr physiology, summarize the evidence on the use of Cr supplementation in various aging/clinical populations, explore mechanisms of action, and provide perspectives on the potential therapeutic role of Cr in the exercise oncology setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-57
Number of pages12
JournalCritical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology
Volume133
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Body composition
  • Bone
  • Cachexia
  • Muscle
  • Oncology
  • Resistance training
  • Strength

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