The predictive value of anti-Müllerian hormone for natural conception leading to live birth in subfertile couples

Dang Kien Nguyen, Sean O'Leary, Moustafa Abdelhafez Gadalla, Bronnie Roberts, Helen Alvino, Kelton P. Tremellen, Ben W. Mol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Research question: What is the predictive value of serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) level for natural conception and its clinical effect on subfertile couples? Design: A retrospective cohort of ovulatory women seeking fertility consultation in a private fertility clinic. Couples who had an immediate indication for IVF were excluded. All natural conceptions leading to live birth before the start of assisted reproductive technology were followed within 12 months of the initial consultation. A prediction model was developed by updating the Hunault model with serum AMH to predict the probabilities of achieving a natural conception leading to live birth. Results: A total of 325 couples were included in the final analysis. The estimated cumulative proability of achieving natural conception leading to live birth within 12 months was 20.9% (95% CI 12.9% to 28.2%). The categorical net reclassification improvement of AMH is 7.6%. For couples with a predicted chance of natural conception changed from poor (<30%) by the reference model to good (≥30%) by the updated model, the cumulative natural conception rate leading to live birth was 52.0%. For couples who had predicted chance of natural conception changed from good to poor by the updated model, the rate was 18.9%. Conclusions: The addition of serum AMH to the routine fertility work-up may improve prognosis-based treatment policy and help to prevent unnecessary costs and stress for couples. Prospective validation of the updated model with AMH is required before clinical application.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)557-564
Number of pages8
JournalReproductive Biomedicine Online
Volume44
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Anti-Müllerian hormone
  • Live birth
  • Natural conception
  • Prediction model

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The predictive value of anti-Müllerian hormone for natural conception leading to live birth in subfertile couples'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this