The prevalence and association of motor competence with weight status and bullying: a cross-cultural study

Marcela Almeida Zequinão, Pâmella de Medeiros, Grace Skrzypiec, Luis Lopes, Maria Teresa Ceron Trevisol, Beatriz Pereira

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to compare the prevalence of motor competence among children and adolescents from two metropolitan cities, one in Portugal and one in Brazil, and analyzed the association between motor competence and weight status and bullying roles. A Cross-sectional and cross-cultural study was applied. The sample comprised 785 children and adolescents aged 7-14. Motor competence was assessed using The Körperkoordinationtest Für Kinder (KTK) test, while participation in bullying was assessed using a sociometric test and the students’ Body Mass Index (BMI), which was calculated from height and weight and reported as kg/m2. Portuguese students had a higher prevalence of impairment/disturbance in motor coordination. Also, obese students and bullying victims had higher odds of having a motor competence below normal values in both countries. These findings provide evidence of a link between motor competence and sex and weight status of schoolchildren and suggest that motor competence is associated with bullying roles.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMotricidade
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 5 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • body composition
  • motor skills
  • peer relationships
  • school

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