The relation between verbal and visuospatial memory and autobiographical memory

Stephanus Janssen, Gert Kristo, Romke Rouw, Jaap Murre

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    19 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The basic-systems approach (Rubin, 2005, 2006) states that autobiographical memory is supported by other cognitive systems and argues that autobiographical memories are constructed from interactions between cognitive systems, such as language, vision and emotion. Although deficiencies in one or more of the basic systems influence the properties of autobiographical memories, little is known about how these cognitive abilities and autobiographical memory are related. To assert whether participants with stronger cognitive abilities also perform better on autobiographical memory tests, participants who completed verbal and visuospatial memory tests also recorded one personal event, which they recalled after a certain interval. Participants who performed well on the verbal memory tests also had better retention for the personal event, providing support for the basic-systems approach to autobiographical memory and preliminary support for the view that people have more memories from adolescence and early adulthood because the memory system works optimally in these lifetime periods.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)12-23
    Number of pages12
    JournalConsciousness and Cognition
    Volume31
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

    Keywords

    • Adolescence
    • Aging
    • Autobiographical memory
    • Cognitive abilities
    • Cognitive aging
    • Episodic memory
    • Reminiscence bump

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