Male students estimated their chances of success before performing an anagrams task. 3 reported probabilities of success (.20, .50, and .80) were combined with 3 lengths of the puzzle (8, 11, and 14 anagrams), and 14 Ss were randomly assigned to each of the 9 experimental conditions. Probability estimates were found to increase as reported probabilities increased (p < .001) and as the list of anagrams became shorter (p < .025). Ss tended to overestimate chances of success for the .20 reported probability and to underestimate chances for the .80 reported probability (p < .001). Probability estimates were negatively related to debilitating anxiety (p < .05) and positively related to facilitating anxiety (p < .025), but correlations were very low. Results are taken to indicate the dominant role of past experience in shaping present expectations. (34 ref.) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).
- ACHIEVEMENT NEED, &
- EXPECTANCY, OF SUCCESS WITH ANAGRAMS, FACTORS IN
- EXPECTATION &
- EXPECTATION OF SUCCESS, IN ANAGRAMS
- PERSONALITY ADJUSTMENT
- PROBLEM SOLVING, EXPECTATION OF SUCCESS, FACTORS IN