The relevance of geographic origin in sustainability challenge: the facets of country ecological image

Sihem Dekhili, Roberta Crouch, Omar El Moussawel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Whilst country-of-origin (COO) effects have been studied extensively since the 1960s, little research has explored these effects with respect to ecological considerations. The purpose of this paper is to explore the COO ecological image (CEI) construct by defining its facets across consumers and professionals from two different countries, namely, France and Australia. Design/methodology/approach: Because of the exploratory nature of the research, the authors used two qualitative techniques, namely, semi-structured interviews and focus groups. Findings: Findings indicate the CEI construct is composed of eight dimensions, namely, policy, technological, economic, people characteristics, natural, climatic, historical and eco-product features. Research limitations/implications: The research provides insights into the CEI construct and justifies future studies to develop a scale measure for it. However, the generalisability of the results must be considered limited due to the qualitative exploratory nature of the study. Practical implications: The research offers implications for companies and policymakers by allowing them to understand how consumers form a CEI. It suggests new applications respective to how to leverage positive aspects of a CEI and how to mitigate negative ones. Originality/value: The study extends the literature on COO by identifying the possible dimensions of the CEI construct, thus providing better insights into the little-explored link between COO and sustainable products.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)664-678
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Consumer Marketing
Issue number6
Early online date30 Aug 2021
Publication statusPublished - 22 Sept 2021


  • Country ecological image (CEI)
  • Country-of-origin effects
  • Environmental and social concerns
  • Extrinsic cues
  • Sustainable consumption


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