Anderson-Fabry disease (AFD) is a rare X-linked inherited metabolic disorder which results in a deficiency or absence of the enzyme α-galactosidase A, leading to the accumulation of glycosphingolipids in various cells and organs including the heart. Cardiac involvement is common and results in increased myocardial inflammation, left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), and myocardial fibrosis. Echocardiography and cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) offer distinctive and often complementary use to assist in the diagnosis and monitoring pharmacologic therapy in AFD, including detection of the AFD cardiac phenotype, differentiation from other forms of LVH, and patient selection for therapeutic intervention. Advanced cardiac imaging holds promise in subclinical detection of AFD-related abnormalities as well as disease staging and prognostication.
- Anderson-Fabry disease
- cardiovascular magnetic resonance
- chaperone therapy
- enzyme replacement therapy