The role of extraversion in the development of learned helplessness

Marika Tiggemann, Anthony H. Winefield, John Brebner

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    18 Citations (Scopus)


    An experiment is reported which investigated the effect of the individual fdifference variable of introversion-extraversion on a typical learned-helplessness induction procedure. It was found that introverts displayed a much more marked helplessness effect than extraverts, in accord with predictions made by the Brebner-Cooper model of extraversion in terms of inhibition and excitation deriving from stimulus analysis and response organization. It was concluded that there are individual differences in response to uncontrollable outcomes which are not taken into account by the current theories of learned helplessness, and further, that these may be mediated by characteristics of the actual task employed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)27-34
    Number of pages8
    JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 1982


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