The Role of Histamine H1, H2 and H3 Receptors on EntericAscending Synaptic Transmission in the Guinea Pig Ileum

Angelo Izzo, Marcello Costa, Nicola Mascolo, Francesco Capasso

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    Abstract

    The role of histamine H1-, H2- and H3-receptors was studied on neural transmission in ascending excitatory pathways of the guinea pig ileum. A two-compartment (oral and anal compartments) bath was used: ascending neural pathways were activated by electrical stimulation in the anal compartment and the resulting contraction of the circular muscle in the oral compartment was recorded. Drugs were applied in the anal compartment and each agonist was evaluated in the presence of the antagonists of the other two receptors. In the presence of cimetidine (10 microM) and thioperamide (1 microM), histamine (0.03-3 microM) depressed the nerve-mediated contractions (5-70% inhibition, P <.05-.01). The inhibitory effect of histamine was antagonized by mepyramine. At the higher concentrations (10 and 30 microM), histamine elicited contractions of the circular muscle in the oral compartment, and these were abolished by mepyramine (1 microM) and tetrodotoxin (0.6 microM). The H2 agonists dimaprit (30 and 100 microM) and amphamine (0.1-300 microM) produced small contractions of the circular muscle in the oral compartment. These contractile responses were abolished by tetrodotoxin (0.6 microM) and cimetidine (10 microM). The H3 agonist R-alpha-methylhistamine (0.001-1 microM) inhibited (2-58%, P <.05) the nerve-mediated contractions. This inhibitory effect was antagonized by the H3 antagonist thioperamide. These results indicate that 1) histamine, acting at H1 receptors, at lower concentrations depresses synaptic transmission, although at higher concentrations activates the enteric excitatory ascending pathway; 2) activation of H2 receptors by H2 agonists stimulates the enteric excitatory ascending pathways and 3) activation of H3 receptors inhibits synaptic transmission.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)952-957
    JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
    Volume287
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 1998

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