The role of self-perceived usefulness and competence in the self-esteem of elderly adults: Confirmatory factor analyses of the bachman revision of Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale

Rob Ranzijn, John Keeves, Mary Luszcz, N. T. Feather

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    64 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This article reports on a confirmatory analytic study of the Bachman revision (1970) of Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale (1965) that was used in the Australian Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ALSA). Participants comprised 1,087 elderly people aged between 70 and 103 years (mean 77 years). Five competing factor models were tested with LISREL8. The best-ftttlng model was a nested one with a General Self-esteem second-order factor and two first-order factors, Positive Self-regard and Usefulness/Competence. This model was validated with data from a later wave of ALSA. Usefulness and competence have received little attention in the gerontological literature to date. Preliminary results indicate that usefulness/competence may be an important predictor of well-being. Further work is required on the relationships among usefulness, competence, self-esteem, and well-being in elderly people.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)96-104
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
    Volume53B
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 1998

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