The role of skin cancer knowledge in sun-related behaviours: A systematic review

Ashley Day, Carlene Wilson, Amanda Hutchinson, Rachel Roberts

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    31 Citations (Scopus)


    Skin cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in many Western countries. This systematic review provides a comprehensive overview of the relationship between skin cancer knowledge and sun-protective, exposure and tanning behaviours in the general population. A total of 34 studies, published in peer-reviewed journals over three decades, were reviewed and synthesised. Sun-protective behaviour was positively associated with skin cancer knowledge in most cases. Findings were inconsistent regarding other sun-related behaviours. Heterogeneity in measurement compromised the capacity to definitively link knowledge and sun-related behaviours. There is a need for development and utilisation of a standardised skin cancer knowledge scale, and guidelines are suggested.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1143-1162
    Number of pages20
    JournalJournal of Health Psychology
    Issue number9
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2014


    • cancer
    • health behaviour
    • health education
    • health promotion
    • systematic review


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