The roles of community pharmacists in cardiovascular disease prevention and management

J George, Kevin McNamara, Kay Stewart

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    15 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    There is ample evidence in the international literature for pharmacist involvement in the prevention and management of cardiovascular disease (CVD) conditions in primary care. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses have confirmed the significant clinical benefits of pharmacist interventions for a range of CVD conditions and risk factors. Evidence generated in research studies of Australian community pharmacist involvement in CVD prevention and management is summarised in this article. Commonwealth funding through the Community Pharmacy Agreements has facilitated research to establish the feasibility and effectiveness of new models of primary care involving community pharmacists. Australian community pharmacists have been shown to effect positive clinical, humanistic and economic outcomes in patients with CVD conditions. Improvements in blood pressure, lipid levels, medication adherence and CVD risk have been demonstrated using different study designs. Satisfaction for GPs, pharmacists and consumers has also been reported. Perceived 'turf' encroachment, expertise of the pharmacist, space, time and remuneration are challenges to the implementation of disease management services involving community pharmacists.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)266-272
    Number of pages7
    JournalAustralasian Medical Journal
    Volume4
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

    Keywords

    • Cardiovascular
    • Community pharmacy
    • Outcomes
    • Pharmacist
    • Primary care

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