The release of glutamate and GABA in response to K+ depolarization was determined for tissue prisms prepared from brain subregions removed from rats following 30 min of forebrain ischemia or recirculation periods up to 24 h. There were statistically significant effects of this treatment on release of both amino acids from samples of the dorsolateral striatum, an area developing selective neuronal degeneration. However, for at least the first 3 h of recirculation the calcium-dependent and calcium-independent release of both amino acids in this region were similar to pre-ischemic values. Differences were observed under some conditions at longer recirculation times. In particular there was a decrease in calcium-dependent GABA release at 24 h of recirculation and a trend towards increased release of glutamate at 6 h of recirculation and beyond. No statistically significant differences were seen in samples from the paramedian neocortex, a region resistant to post-ischemic damage. These results suggest that changes in the ability to release glutamate and GABA in response to stimulation are not necessary for the development of neurodegeneration in the striatum but rather that release of these amino acids may be modified as a result of the degenerative process.
Copyright 2007 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- neurotransmitter release