The structures, binding energies and vibrational frequencies of Ca3 and Ca4 - An application of the CCSD(T) method

Timothy J. Lee, Alistair P. Rendell, Peter R. Taylor

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The Ca3 and Ca4 metallic clusters have been investigated using state-of-the-art ab initio quantum mechanical methods. Large atomic natural orbital basis sets have been used in conjunction with the singles and doubles coupled-cluster (CCSD) method, a coupled-cluster method that includes a perturbational estimate of connected triple excitations, denoted CCSD(T), and the multireference configuration interaction (MRCI) method. The equilibrium geometries, binding energies and harmonic vibrational frequencies have been determined with each of the methods so that the accuracy of the coupled-cluster methods may be assessed. Since the CCSD(T) method reproduces the MRCI results very well, cubic and quartic force fields of Ca3 and Ca4 have been determined using this approach and used to evaluate the fundamental vibrational frequencies. The infrared intensities of both the e′ mode of Ca3 and the t2 mode of Ca4 are found to be small. The results obtained in this study are compared and contrasted with those from our earlier studies on small Be and Mg clusters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-175
Number of pages11
JournalTheoretica Chimica Acta
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1992
Externally publishedYes


  • Ca/Ca metallic clusters
  • CCSD(T) method
  • Vibrational frequencies

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