The use of flipped classrooms in higher education: A scoping review

Jacqueline O'Flaherty, Craig Phillips

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

930 Citations (Scopus)


There is increasing pressure for Higher Education institutions to undergo transformation, with education being seen as needing to adapt in ways that meet the conceptual needs of our time. Reflecting this is the rise of the flipped or inverted classroom. The purpose of this scoping review was to provide a comprehensive overview of relevant research regarding the emergence of the flipped classroom and the links to pedagogy and educational outcomes, identifying any gaps in the literature which could inform future design and evaluation. The scoping review is underpinned by the five-stage framework Arksey and O'Malley. The results indicate that there is much indirect evidence emerging of improved academic performance and student and staff satisfaction with the flipped approach but a paucity of conclusive evidence that it contributes to building lifelong learning and other 21st Century skills in under-graduate education and post-graduate education.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-95
Number of pages11
JournalInternet and Higher Education
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Educational outcomes
  • Engagement
  • Face to face teaching
  • Flipped classroom
  • Higher education
  • Scoping review


Dive into the research topics of 'The use of flipped classrooms in higher education: A scoping review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this