Background: Global cerebral ischemia occurs due to reduced blood supply to the brain. This is commonly caused by a cessation of myocardial activity associated with cardiac arrest and cardiac surgery. Survival is not the only important outcome because neurological dysfunction impacts on quality of life, reducing independent living. Magnesium has been identified as a potential neuroprotective agent; however, its role in this context is not yet clear. Objectives: The objective of this review was to present the best currently available evidence related to the neuroprotective effects of magnesium during a period of global cerebral ischemia in adults with cardiac arrest or cardiac surgery. Inclusion criteria Types of participants: The current review considered adults aged over 18 years who were at risk of global cerebral ischemia associated with cardiac arrest or cardiac surgery. Studies of patients with existing neurological deficits or under the age of 18 years were excluded from the review. Types of intervention(s)/phenomena of interest: The intervention of interest was magnesium administered in doses of at least of 2 g compared to placebo to adult patients within 24 hours of cardiac arrest or cardiac surgery. Types of studies: The current review considered experimental designs including randomized controlled trials, non-randomized controlled trials and quasi-experimental designs. Outcomes: The outcome of interest were neurological recovery post-cardiac arrest or cardiac surgery, as measured by objective scales, such as but not limited to, cerebral performance category, brain stem reflexes, Glasgow Coma Score and independent living or dependent living status. To enable assessment of the available data, neuroprotection was examined by breaking down neurological outcomes into three domains - functional neurological outcomes, neurophysiological outcomes and neuropsychological outcomes. Search strategy: The search strategy aimed to find both published and unpublished studies between January 1980 and August 2014, utilizing the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) three-step search strategy. Databases searched included PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Australian Clinical Trials Register, Australian and New Zealand Clinical Trials Register, Clinical Trials, European Clinical Trials Register and ISRCTN Registry.
|Number of pages||33|
|Journal||JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|