Purpose: To present a series of eyes with multifocal choroiditis and panuveitis (MFC) treated with fluocinolone acetonide intravitreal implants. All eyes developed recurrent choroidal neovascularization (CNV) and were treated with intravitreal bevacizumab or ranibizumab. Methods: Retrospective chart review. Data collected included demographics, details of previous immunosuppressive therapy, preinjection Snellen visual acuity, and central macular thickness measured by optical coherence tomography, total injections administered, and postinjection central macular thickness and visual acuity. Patients were followed up for a minimum of 25 months from the first fluocinolone acetonide implant. Duration from implantation to first injection and complications, including development of cataracts, glaucoma, and recurrent inflammation, were followed. Patients: Three patients treated for MFC at the Casey Eye Institute, a tertiary care referral center at Oregon Health and Science University, from 2005-2008 were studied. All three received fluocinolone acetonide implants and later underwent intravitreal anti- vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy for CNV. Results: Preinjection visual acuity in 3 patients was 1.2, 0.54, and 0.48 logarithm of minimal angle of resolution (mean 0.74). Postinjection visual acuity in 3 patients was 1.0, 0.40, and 0.0 logarithm of minimal angle of resolution (mean 0.47). Preinjection central macular thicknesses were 855 mm, 215 mm, and 276 mm (mean 449 mm). Postinjection central macular thicknesses were 220 mm, 190 mm, and 223 mm (mean 211 mm). Anti-VEGF injections did not reactivate inflammation. Advancing cataracts contributed to worsening visual acuity postinjection. The total number of anti-VEGF injections until resolution of intraretinal and subretinal fluid associated with CNV was 6 injections for case 1, 1 for case 2, and 8 for case 3 (mean 5, range 1-8). Conclusion: Intravitreal anti-VEGF therapy was successful in treating recurrent CNV in MFC patients with well-controlled inflammation after insertion of fluocinolone acetonide implants. Anti-VEGF therapy should be considered in treating active CNV in eyes with MFC and quiescent inflammatory disease.
- Choroidal neovascularization
- Fluocinolone acetonide
- Multifocal choroiditis and panuveitis