Theodicy: A Response to Christopher Southgate

Nicola Hoggard Creegan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article is a critical and appreciative interaction with Christopher Southgate’s theodicy and theology of glory. I critique in particular his rejection of all dualist moves in theodicy. I question why Southgate can ascribe evil to some human actions, many of which are automatic and unconscious, but not to any other level or form of consciousness. I argue that he may rely too heavily on rational scientific categories, which are not sufficient in themselves to carry the weight of key theological concepts. His use of poetry is powerful and suggestive, but in the end, he may not give it enough epistemic weight.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)808-820
Number of pages13
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Sonali Deraniyagala
  • glory
  • natural evil
  • poetry
  • Christopher Southgate
  • theodicy


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