Three-Dimensional Smart Catalyst Electrode for Oxygen Evolution Reaction

Sheng Chen, Jingjing Duan, Pengju Bian, Youhong Tang, Rongkun Zheng, Shizhang Qiao

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    171 Citations (Scopus)


    A multifunctional catalyst electrode mimicking external stimuli-responsive property has been prepared by the in situ growth of nitrogen (N)-doped NiFe double layered hydroxide (N-NiFe LDH) nanolayers on a 3D nickel foam substrate framework. The electrode demonstrates superior performance toward catalyzing oxygen evolution reaction (OER), affording a low overpotential of 0.23 V at the current density of 10 mA cm-2, high Faradaic efficiency of ≈98%, and stable operation for >60 h. Meanwhile, the electrode can dynamically change its color from gray silver to dark black with the OER happening, and the coloration/bleaching processes persist for at least 5000 cycles, rendering it a useful tool to monitor the catalytic process. Mechanism study reveals that the excellent structural properties of electrode such as 3D conductive framework, ultra thickness of N-NiFe LDH nanolayer (≈0.8 nm), and high N-doping content (≈17.8%) make significant contribution to achieving enhanced catalytic performance, while N-NiFe LDH nanolayer on electrode is the main contributor to the stimuli-responsive property with the reversible extraction/insertion of electrons from/into N-NiFe LDH leading to the coloration/bleaching processes. Potential application of this electrode has been further demonstrated by integrating it into a Zn-air battery device to identify the charging process during electrochemical cycling.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number1500936
    Number of pages7
    JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
    Issue number18
    Publication statusPublished - 23 Sept 2015


    • catalyst electrodes
    • heteroatom doping
    • oxygen evolution reaction
    • smart material
    • Two-dimensional nanolayers


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