Trois méthodes pédagogiques en formations médicale et pharmaceutique: L'APP, les tests de progression et les ECOS

Translated title of the contribution: Three teaching methods in medical and pharmaceutical training: Problem based learning, progress testing and objective structured clinical exam

D Leclercq, G Philippe, Cees van der Vleuten

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    During the four last decades, Higher Education has tried to re-equilibrate the ratio between acquisition of knowledge and development of competencies (being able to act efficiently and ethically in complex situations). Pursuing this objective, in faculties of pharmacy and of medicine, a series of methods have been initiated. Three of them are described hereafter. For each of them, we will consider how their field implementation has evolved as well as validity and efficiency issues. The first one is the Problem Based Learning (PBL) approach, in which teaching is replaced by learning, i.e. in which students themselves, after having been motivated by a case presented by a simulated patient, decide which contents to study and search, in an autonomous way, pieces of information in a huge "Study landscape" full of books and on the internet. In the second strategy, named "Progress Tests", students have to pass, four times per year, a test on the medical knowledge that should be mastered by a general practitioner. Since during the 6 years of their medical studies he/she passes 24 (not identical but equivalent) tests, each student can observe his/her own progression. The third strategy, Objective Structured Clinical Exam (OSCE) deals both with training and with evaluation, and, as PBL, relies on role playing. It consists in each student spending a few minutes (7 for instance) in various "stations" where he/she plays the role of the professional (a pharmacist, a doctor) facing a concrete situation presented by a simulated patient. These three methods are described on the basis of their concrete implementation in two universities, the Maastricht and the Liège ones. An important common point they share is that they could be implemented thanks to the adoption of a program-referenced approach. This article presents these three educational strategies and the concepts that underpin them.

    Translated title of the contributionThree teaching methods in medical and pharmaceutical training: Problem based learning, progress testing and objective structured clinical exam
    Original languageFrench
    Pages (from-to)7-22
    Number of pages16
    JournalJOURNAL DE PHARMACIE CLINIQUE
    Volume35
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

    Keywords

    • Assessment of competencies and program-centered curriculum
    • Medical pedagogy
    • Objective structured clinical exam
    • Problem based learning
    • Progress testing

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Three teaching methods in medical and pharmaceutical training: Problem based learning, progress testing and objective structured clinical exam'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this