Thrust and bending moment of rigid piles subjected to moving soil

Wei Guo, Hongyu Qin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    55 Citations (Scopus)


    An experimental apparatus was developed to investigate the behaviour of vertically loaded free-head piles in sand undergoing lateral soil movement (wf). A large number of tests have been conducted to date. Presented here are 14 typical model pile tests concerning two diameters, two vertical pile loading levels, and varying sliding depths with the movement wf driven by a triangular loading block. Results are provided for driving force as well as for induced shear force (T), bending moment (M), and deflection (y) along the piles with wf/normalized sliding depth. The tests enable simple expressions to be proposed, drawn from the theory for a laterally loaded pile. The new expressions well capture the evolution of M, T, and y with soil movement observed in current model tests, and the three to five times difference in maximum bending moment (Mmax) from the two modes of loading. They further offer a good estimate of Mmax for eight in situ pile tests and one centrifuge test pile. The study quantifies the sliding resistance offered by a pile for the given wf profiles, pile location (relative to the boundary), and vertical load. It establishes the linear correlation between the maximum thrust (resistance T) and Mmax, regardless of the magnitudes of wf.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)180-196
    Number of pages17
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010


    • Ground improvement
    • Model tests
    • Piles
    • Slopes
    • Soil-structure interaction
    • Theoretical analysis


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