TikTok, TikTok, the time is now: Future directions in social media and body image

Jennifer A. Harriger, J. Kevin Thompson, Marika Tiggemann

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


This article synthesizes practical strategies and future directions proposed by contributors to the special issue in Body Image on social media and body image. It also moves beyond the contributions of the special issue in an effort to provide additional guidance to researchers, clinicians, educators, and policymakers. First, we recommend that research on social media and body image extend beyond convenience sampling of young, White women and include children and older adults, boys and men, and underrepresented groups. Second, we urge researchers to move away from simplistic measures of social media and to utilize mixed-methods approaches. Third, we advocate for the development of new theories that can be tested longitudinally and that capture the unique influences of social media, rather than relying solely on existing models that were developed for traditional media. Fourth, we provide recommendations regarding practical strategies, such as the inclusion of media literacy campaigns, increased research on the role of reality check disclaimers, and further examination regarding the role of body positivity in prevention and intervention efforts. Finally, we end with recommendations regarding advocacy, such as using social media to harness positive efforts and partnering with social media companies regarding their use of algorithms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)222-226
Number of pages5
JournalBody Image
Early online date4 Feb 2023
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023


  • Body image
  • SNS
  • Social media
  • Social networking


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