Toward the assessment of psychological empowerment in health promotion: initial tests of validity and reliability

C. Rissel, C. Perry, J. Finnegan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Because of the importance of empowerment in health promotion, the measure ment of empowerment is a priority for health promotion research. The present study sought to develop a valid and reliable instrument to assess psychological empowerment and to resolve the theoretical question of whether psychological empowerment is a topic-specific or general construct. University of Minnesota employees (n = 160) completed two different versions of empowerment questionnaires. One of the questionnaires measured general empowerment; the other was specific to alcohol use prevention. Reasonable reliability was demonstrated in a previously developed general empowerment instrument (Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.84) and for an alcohol-specific instrument (Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.78). Construct validity for the alcohol-specific instrument was demonstrated by appropriate significant correlations between sub-scales and overall scores for both instruments. Predictive validity tests partially supported the concept that psychological empowerment is topic-specific, although further testing with a more representative population may be needed to resolve this question. The results suggest that the alcohol-specific psychological empowerment instrument could be used in the evaluation of community alcohol abuse prevention programmes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-218
Number of pages8
JournalThe Journal of the Royal Society for the Promotion of Health
Volume116
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 1996
Externally publishedYes

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