Towards a Materialist Concept of the History of Science: Muslim Science Fuses East and West

Matthias Tomczak

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    On two occasions in history did the birth of a new religion have a profound effect on the development of science. The birth of Christianity coincided with the decline of European science; the birth of Islam brought its revival. It is argued that this difference is the result of different economic and political conditions. The Syriac Christian community maintained learned institutions where scientific knowledge was preserved but was isolated from Europe, where a dogmatic church persecuted science as pagan magic and laid the ground for Europe's "Dark Ages." Islam turned religion into a religion of conquest that embraced science as an instrument of empire building. Its ruling class supported the collection of knowledge from all parts of its empires, fusing Greek and Indian science into a new Muslim science in the process.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)49-59
    Number of pages11
    JournalThe International Journal of Religion and Spirituality in Society
    Volume6
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Towards a Materialist Concept of the History of Science: Muslim Science Fuses East and West'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this