Towards an understanding of help-seeking behaviour for disordered eating: Refinement of a barriers to help-seeking measure

Marcela Radunz, Tracey D. Wade

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
42 Downloads (Pure)


Aim: Early intervention in eating disorders (EDs) is hampered by a lack of validated measures of barriers to treatment seeking. The present study examined the factor structure of the Perceived Barriers to Psychological Treatment scale (PBPT) and a combination of PBPT and Barriers to Seeking Help for ED items (BATSH-ED) with respect to treatment-seeking for an ED. Method: Participants were 456 female university students aged 17–25 reporting a wide range of disordered eating severity. Confirmatory factor analyses were conducted with the whole sample followed by correlational and regression analyses with a high-risk sample to assess validity of the selected questionnaire items. Results: Four models were tested. First, we replicated the original PBPT 8-factor structure in our sample with comparable fit indices. Second, the addition of six ED items comprising a Denial and Ambivalence subscale improved model fit. Third and fourth, when only significant subscales predicting treatment seeking were retained, with removal of items with weak loadings, a 15-item six-factor solution provided a best fit. A range of psychosocial measures had relationships in the expected directions with the questionnaire subscales. In addition to disordered eating, the denial subscale was uniquely associated with treatment seeking. Conclusions: While the present study contributes to refining the assessment of barriers to help-seeking, future studies should consider co-design with lived experience to further improve the model fit of the questionnaire and improve predictiveness of help-seeking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1012-1020
Number of pages9
JournalEarly Intervention in Psychiatry
Issue number10
Early online date17 Jan 2023
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023


  • assessment
  • barrier
  • eating disorders
  • questionnaire
  • treatment seeking


Dive into the research topics of 'Towards an understanding of help-seeking behaviour for disordered eating: Refinement of a barriers to help-seeking measure'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this