Traumatic brain injury and post-traumatic amnesia: a retrospective review of discharge outcomes

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    Primary objective: To investigate if patients with traumatic brain injury, who are discharged to the community before emergence from post-traumatic amnesia (PTA), experience more adverse outcomes than those discharged after emergence from PTA. Research design: A retrospective review of previously collected data and medical records. Methods and procedures: Occurrences of adverse events including hospital readmissions, disengagement from follow-up services, non-compliance with discharge precautions, support system breakdown or undue carer strain at the post-discharge clinic review were recorded. The Glasgow Outcome Scale–Extended (GOS-E) and Supervision Rating Scale (SRS) were completed, retrospectively. Twenty-seven patients discharged to the community, prior to emergence from PTA, were compared to 20 patients discharged within seven days of emergence from PTA. Main outcomes and results: Patients discharged prior to emergence from PTA did not experience an increase in adverse outcomes and showed a higher level of engagement in follow-up services (p = 0.015). There was no difference between groups in the improvements from discharge to clinic review on the GOS-E (p = 0.113) and SRS (p = 0.165). Conclusions: Patients can be discharged prior to emergence from PTA, if all other discharge criteria have been met, without an increase in adverse outcomes.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1840-1845
    Number of pages6
    JournalBrain Injury
    Issue number13-14
    Early online date2017
    Publication statusPublished - 6 Dec 2017


    • Brain injury
    • discharge outcomes
    • post-traumatic amnesia


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