Treatment of Internet gaming disorder: An international systematic review and CONSORT evaluation

Daniel L. King, Paul H. Delfabbro, Anise M.S. Wu, Young Yim Doh, Daria J. Kuss, Ståle Pallesen, Rune Mentzoni, Natacha Carragher, Hiroshi Sakuma

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Treatment services for Internet gaming disorder are becoming increasingly prevalent worldwide, particularly in East Asia. This international systematic review was designed to appraise the quality standards of the gaming disorder treatment literature, a task previously undertaken by King et al. (2011) prior to the inclusion of Internet gaming disorder in Section III of the DSM-5 and ‘Gaming disorder’ in the draft ICD-11. The reporting quality of 30 treatment studies conducted from 2007 to 2016 was assessed. Reporting quality was defined according to the 2010 Consolidating Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement. The results reaffirmed previous criticisms of these trials, namely: (a) inconsistencies in the definition, diagnosis, and measurement of disordered use; (b) lack of randomization and blinding; (c) lack of controls; and (d) insufficient information on recruitment dates, sample characteristics, and effect sizes. Although cognitive-behavioral therapy has a larger evidence base than other therapies, it remains difficult to make definitive statements on its benefits. Study design quality has not improved over the last decade, indicating a need for greater consistency and standardization in this area. Continuing international efforts to understand the core psychopathology of gaming disorder are vital to developing a model of best practice in treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-133
Number of pages11
JournalClinical Psychology Review
Volume54
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CONSORT
  • DSM-5
  • ICD-11
  • Internet addiction
  • Internet gaming disorder
  • Treatment

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