Twelve Tips for programmatic assessment

Cees van der Vleuten, Lambertus Schuwirth, Erik Driessen, Marjan Govaerts, Sylvia Heeneman

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    118 Citations (Scopus)


    Programmatic assessment is an integral approach to the design of an assessment program with the intent to optimise its learning function, its decision-making function and its curriculum quality-assurance function. Individual methods of assessment, purposefully chosen for their alignment with the curriculum outcomes and their information value for the learner, the teacher and the organisation, are seen as individual data points. The information value of these individual data points is maximised by giving feedback to the learner. There is a decoupling of assessment moment and decision moment. Intermediate and high-stakes decisions are based on multiple data points after a meaningful aggregation of information and supported by rigorous organisational procedures to ensure their dependability. Self-regulation of learning, through analysis of the assessment information and the attainment of the ensuing learning goals, is scaffolded by a mentoring system. Programmatic assessment-for-learning can be applied to any part of the training continuum, provided that the underlying learning conception is constructivist. This paper provides concrete recommendations for implementation of programmatic assessment.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)641-646
    Number of pages6
    JournalMedical Teacher
    Issue number7
    Publication statusPublished - 2015


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