Type-II myocardial infarction and chronic myocardial injury rates, invasive management, and 4-year mortality among consecutive patients undergoing high-sensitivity troponin T testing in the emergency department

Aisha Etaher, Oliver J. Gibbs, Yousef M. Saad, Steven Frost, Tuan L. Nguyen, Ian Ferguson, Craig P. Juergens, Derek Chew, John K. French

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Aims As assessment of patients with suspected acute coronary syndromes (ACS) in emergency departments (EDs) represents a major workload because high-sensitivity troponin (HsTn) T and I levels are frequently measured, and a minority of patients have final diagnosis of myocardial infarction (MI). We determined the relative frequencies of three patients groups: Type-I MI, Type-II MI (including acute myocardial injury). Methods Among 2738 consecutive patients with suspected ACS presenting to ED at Liverpool Hospital, Australia, between and results March and June 2014. We studied the use of invasive and pharmacological therapies, and 4-year outcomes. Adjudication of MI was according to the 4th universal definition as follows: (i) Type-I MI; (ii) Type-II MI (including acute myocardial injury), and (iii) chronic myocardial injury. Of 995 patients (36%) [median age 76 years (interquartile range 65–83)] with >_2 HsTnT measurements and one >14 ng/L, 727 (73%) had chronic myocardial injury, 171 (17%) had Type-II MI, and 97 (9.7%) had Type-I MI; respective late mortality rates to 48 months were 33%, 43%, and 14% (P < 0.001). In-hospital angiography rates were 95% for patients with Type-I MI, [62% had percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)] 24% (7% PCI) for those with Type-II MI, and 3.4% for chronic myocardial injury. On Cox modelling for mortality relative to Type 1 MI, adjusted hazard ratios were 1.94 [95% confidence intervals (CIs) 1.06–3.57]; P = 0.032 for Type 2 MI, and for chronic myocardial injury 1.14 (95% CIs 0.64–2.02); P = 0.66. Conclusion Among unselected patients undergoing HsTnT testing in EDs, Type-II MI including acute myocardial injury was more common than Type-I MI. Chronic myocardial injury, which occurred in three of four patients. Whereas patients with Type-II MI had higher late mortality than those with Type-I MI, after multivariable analyses mortality rates were marginally different.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-48
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Heart Journal - Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Chronic myocardial injury
  • HsTnT
  • Mortality
  • Type-I MI
  • Type-II MI

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