Type of disability, gender, and age affect school satisfaction: Findings from the UK Millennium Cohort Study

Joanne Arciuli, Eric Emerson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Self-reported school satisfaction is an important indicator of child and adolescent well-being. Few studies have examined how disability, gender, and age affect school satisfaction. Aim: We sought to determine whether the interaction between disability and gender with regard to self-reported school satisfaction might be specific to particular types of disability and particular ages. Methods: We undertook secondary analysis of Waves 5 and 6 of the UK’s Millennium Cohort Study (MCS), a nationally representative sample of children born 2000–2002. MCS is the fourth in the series of British birth cohort studies. Result: At 11 years of age (n = 12,207), school satisfaction was significantly higher for girls and those without disabilities. By contrast, at 14 (n = 10,933), school satisfaction was significantly higher for boys and those without disabilities. Subsequent analyses of gender moderation of the association between disability and school satisfaction revealed a significant interaction between gender and disabilities associated with mental health and with dexterity, respectively, at 14 years but not at age 11. Conclusion: These findings will inform future research endeavours, policy, and practice in psychology, education, and other areas associated with child development and disability.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12344
Pages (from-to)870-885
Number of pages16
JournalBritish Journal of Educational Psychology
Volume90
Issue number3
Early online date9 Mar 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2020
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

©2020 The Authors. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made

Keywords

  • disability
  • gender
  • inclusion
  • Millennium Cohort Study
  • school satisfaction
  • well-being

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