(Un-)mixing in the Mandate: purity and persistence of ‘German-time’ in New Guinea

Translated title of the contribution: (Dé-)mêlés dans le mandat: pureté et maintien à « l’heure allemande » en Nouvelle-Guinée

Christine Winter

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The crisis of the League of Nations destabilized the legitimacy of mandate rule in the Pacific during the mid‑1930s. Purity and persistence of Germanness became a theme for both the mandate Administration and the Third Reich. In this chapter I explore the role and function of Germans of ambiguous racial belonging, namely mixed‑race German Pacific Islanders, in a wider contest of expert advice and policy development. Racial scientists, German missionaries and ex‑colonial officials all had a stake in the future of the mandated Territories, and its mixed‑race German population. Depending on the argument and on their place of residency—Germany or the Pacific—mixed‑race German‑Pacific Islanders were used as fellow Germans or as “natives” to legitimize German claims.
Translated title of the contribution(Dé-)mêlés dans le mandat: pureté et maintien à « l’heure allemande » en Nouvelle-Guinée
Original languageFrench
Title of host publicationExperts et expertise dans les mandats de la Société des Nations
Subtitle of host publicationfigures, champs, outils
EditorsPhilippe Bourmaud, Norig Neveu, Chantal Verdeil
Place of PublicationParis
PublisherInalco Presses
Number of pages21
ISBN (Electronic)9782858313471
ISBN (Print)9782858313464
Publication statusPublished - 28 Sep 2020

Publication series


Bibliographical note



  • Pacific history
  • Legacies of colonialism
  • race science
  • German history
  • Australian history
  • mixed-race studies
  • mandates
  • citizenship
  • national Socialism
  • Religious history
  • mission history
  • League of Nations
  • Weimar republic


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