Understanding Heterogeneity in Adaptation to Retirement: A Growth Mixture Modeling Approach

Alexa Muratore, Jo Earl, Catherine Collins

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    17 Citations (Scopus)


    Previous research has shown that as people transition to retirement they display heterogeneous growth in outcomes. Typically three subgroups are observed, in which people either increase, decrease, or maintain their scores over time. Extending this research, this study investigates whether subgroups exist independent of the retirement event and compares growth in two outcome measures-retirement adjustment and life satisfaction. Survey data were collected from 360 retirees across three time points. For life satisfaction, growth mixture modeling identified three distinctly growing subgroups. The majority maintained their scores over time, and two smaller groups showed increases and decreases in life satisfaction over time. No subgroups were identified for retirement adjustment. Implications of these results are discussed and suggestions are made for future research.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)131-156
    Number of pages26
    JournalInternational Journal of Aging and Human Development
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2014


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