Introduction: Ligament balancing is an established surgical technique in total knee arthroplasty with good clinical results. A similar technique for unicondylar knee arthroplasty was developed. The aim of this study was to asses the outcomes of a unicondylar knee replacement implanted with a ligament tensor. Materials and methods: A prospective multicentre study of 168 medial compartment unicondylar knee prosthesis with a minimum follow-up of 2 years. Clinically, the knee society score was recorded. For subjective assessment, the visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain and satisfaction was used. Radiographic analysis was performed to determine radiolucent lines. The surgical technique was based on a ligament-orientated procedure. With this technique, the femoral orientation, flexion/extension gaps and limb alignment is determined with a unique ligament tensor. Results: The total KSS increased from 110.9 ± 27.5 points preoperative to 176.5 ± 21.1 points after 24 months. VAS for pain decreased from 6.0 ± 1.9 preoperative to 2.8 ± 1.7 after 24 months. VAS for satisfaction increased in the same period from 4.3 ± 1.9 to 8.9 ± 1.7. Four tibia implants had thin continuous radiolucent lines. Nine adverse events are reported. One patient died of unrelated causes. Five polyethylene inlays dislocated, one of five dislocated due to a fall. Three unicondylar knee prostheses were revised to a total knee arthroplasty, one because of undiagnosed pain, one for infection and one for femoral component malalignment. Conclusion: We have demonstrated the efficacy of a tension-controlled ligament-balanced surgical technique for unicompartmental knee prosthesis that gives satisfying and reproducible short-term results.
- Ligament tensor
- Soft tissue balancing surgical technique
- Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty