Unilateral Facial Asymmetry in a 40 BCE Roman Carved Head

Andreas G. Nerlich, Otto Appenzeller, Antonio Perciaccante, Francesco Maria Galassi, Elena Varotto, Raffaella Bianucci

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


We describe the peculiar facial morphology of a carved head dating to the end of the Roman Republican period (40 BCE) which displays evident unilateral asymmetry. A comprehensive discussion of the different etiologies is provided and a contextualization of this condition in the broader frame of Roman artistic verism is offered. This case study contributes to the knowledge of disease presentation in the ancient world, with a special focus on the anatomy of soft tissue pathology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)372-374
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Craniofacial Surgery
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022


  • Head and neck pathology
  • Human anatomy
  • Iconodiagnosis
  • Paleoneurology
  • Paleopathology


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