Unmet Supportive Care Needs and Associated Factors: a Cross-sectional Survey of Chinese Cancer Survivors

Yan Lou, Patsy Yates, Raymond Javan Chan, Xiaosha Ni, Wenyi Hu, Shengjun Zhuo, Hong Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To assess cancer survivors’ unmet supportive care needs and associated factors. Limited evidence is available about the supportive care needs of Chinese cancer survivors to inform future service planning. A cross-sectional survey was conducted (STROBE cross-sectional checklist used for report). Standardized questionnaires were administered to 364 cancer survivors. Using the Supportive Care Framework as conceptual framework, factors concerning individuals’ cognitive appraisals of their situation and social resources were examined to explore their association with unmet supportive care needs. The most common unmet supportive care needs included concern about the cancer coming back (51.5%), the need for up-to-date information (49.3%), collaborative management with the medical team (48.8%), and financial support (48.8%). Factors associated with greater strength of unmet supportive care needs included being female, having higher personal support, and higher self-efficacy pertaining to social relationship. Having lower support from family and friends was a contributing factor associated with greater strength of unmet needs in comprehensive cancer care and relationship, as was lower self-efficacy pertaining to uncertainty management associated with greater strength of unmet needs in quality of life, and lower self-efficacy pertaining to health professional interaction associated with greater strength of unmet needs in information. Chinese cancer survivors experience a number of unmet supportive needs. Female and rural cancer survivors, and those with lower social support level and self-efficacy are susceptible to having higher levels of unmet supportive care needs. Consistent information provision and peer support system establishment are two potentially beneficial approaches to meet cancer patients’ long-term supportive care needs. Females and rural cancer survivors, those with less support from family and friends, and those with lower self-efficacy in interactions with health professionals and in managing uncertainty are especially at risk for unmet supportive care needs.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cancer Education
Early online date13 May 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 13 May 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cancer survivors
  • China
  • Self-efficacy
  • Social support
  • Supportive care needs

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