Unravelling the Thermomechanical Properties of Bulk Heterojunction Blends in Polymer Solar Cells

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    Abstract

    Glass transition temperature is a critical parameter for achieving favorable and thermally stable bulk heterojunction morphology as it determines the kinetics of molecular organization of polymeric semiconducting materials. This study presents a sensitive method of precisely determining the glass transition temperature (Tg) of conjugated polymers and polymer-PCBM blends using dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA). The method presented here is very versatile in which polymer or polymer-molecule films are reinforced using a woven glass fiber and utilizes only 5-10 mg of the material. This makes the method superior to differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) for determining the thermal properties of conjugated polymers. The effects of PCBM loading, solvents, and additive on the Tg of polymer-PCBM blends and on the miscibility of different phases are investigated using the novel DMTA method. For the P3HT:PC61BM system, two different thermal transitions were found corresponding to P3HT-rich and PCBM-rich phases when cast using CHCl3, while chlorobenzene was found to result in a single Tg for the blend which was between those of the pure components, indicating greater miscibility when cast from chlorobenzene. On the other hand, miscibility of PCBM in TQ1 was found to be relatively low, and two thermal transitions were found for all TQ1:PCBM blends. The total PCBM content or the solvent used was found to have little influence on the resultant PCBM miscibility in TQ1. Tg of a range of other polymers as measured using DMTA is also reported to prove the versatility of this technique.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3347-3354
    Number of pages8
    JournalMacromolecules
    Volume50
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2017

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