Traditionally researchers have used statistical methods to predict medical outcomes. However, statistical techniques do not provide sufficient information for solving problems of high complexity. Recently more attention has turned to a variety of artificial intelligence modeling techniques such as Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs), Case Based Reasoning (CBR) and Rule Induction (RI). In this study we sought to use ANN to predict renal transplantation outcomes. Our results showed that although this was possible, the positive predictive power of the trained ANN was low, indicating a need for improvement if this approach is to be useful clinically. We also highlight potential problems that may arise when using incomplete clinical datasets for ANN training including the danger of pre-processing data in such a way that misleading high predictive value is obtained.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2004|